Carrot Seed Oil: Benefits, Uses, Properties, and Side Effects
Popularly known as the “Queen Anne’s Lace” in Europe, the carrot seed oil benefits are abundant. It essential oil is extracted from wild carrots. It has fortified with antioxidants and has the ability to fight against cancerous cells.
If you haven’t known its therapeutic properties and the wonders it can do to your health, you are probably missing out on a lot. So, let’s understand about carrot seed essential oil in detail.
What Is Carrot Seed Oil?
Carrot seed oil is obtained by cold-pressing and compressing the seeds of wild carrots. The term carrot seed is derived from the Greek word “Caroton.”
The carrot seed oil has a fresh, soothing, sweet, and strong aroma but with a dry, earthy, and wood like tinge. The properties of cold-pressed carrot seed oil are quite different from other essential oils. (1)
Carrot seed is yellowish brown. Due to its potent effect on menstrual disorders, it is said to be very useful for girls in their fertile period.
Scientific Name Of Carrot Seed Oil
The botanical name of wild carrot is Daucus carota L.
History Of Carrot Seed Oil
The plant has considerable historical importance. Wild carrot (Daucus carota) was introduced and naturalized in North America. Besides Europe, it is also known as Queen Anne’s lace in North America too.
About Daucus Carota Plant:
The common names of wild carrot are Beesnest Plant, Daucus carota, Bird’s Nest Root, Garijara, Carotte Commune, Nid d’Oiseau, Carotte Sauvage, Shikha-Mula, Dauce Carotte, Daucus, Nan He-Shi, Queen Anne’s Lace, and Zanahoria Silvestre.
The plant belongs to family Apiaceae. It is widely found in meadows and man-made fields. Wild carrot is a terrestrial plant distributed across England.
However, it is also found abundantly in Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Connecticut. It is a biennial plant, which grows to a height of 30 – 60 cm (1 – 2 feet) and is coarsely hairy with a solid and stiff stem. (5, 6)
The flowers are seen in three different colors – purple, red, and white. They are radially symmetrical and bilateral. They have five petals, sepals, and tepals.
The petals and sepals are separate and have 5 stamens. The leaves are compound (made up of two or more discrete leaflets), with an alternate arrangement and bladed edges. (7)
The fruits are dry and don’t drop even after ripening. They are 2-4 mm in length. Weeds are found along with the plant. These weeds are beneficial and work as companion of the plant.
Its small flowers are known to attract wasps. In northeast Wisconsin, they are seen growing along with blueberries, making it attractive to both butterflies and wasps. (8)
This species is found to boost the growth of tomato plants when kept nearby, as it grows along with other weeds and all are equally benefitted. It is said to cool the climate and is excellent for growing lettuce when intercropped.
It persists in the soil seed bank for 2 to 5 years. Talking about its taste, different factors may cause the carrot roots to taste bitter, as they are abnormal metabolites (notably 6-methoxymellin).
For example, carrots tend to have a more bitter taste when they grow in the form of weeds with apples. Another responsible factor is ethylene, which may easily produce stress, causing an abnormal, bitter taste. (9)
Color, Consistency, and Smell Of Carrot Seed Oil
- The color of carrot seed oil is golden yellow.
- The consistency of carrot seed oil is viscous.
- The smell of carrot seed oil is woody and earthy.
Properties Of Carrot Seed Essential Oil
- Antiseptic – Cures sepsis, cuts, and burns on skin
- Disinfectant – Disinfect or makes the environment free from contaminants
- Detoxifier – Helps purify the blood
- Antioxidant – Scavenges the free radicals
- Antidiabetic – Helps in treating diabetes
- Anti-inflammatory – Reduces pain, redness, and swelling
- Analgesic – Reduces pain
- Antipyretic – Fights against endopyregens
- Neuroprotective – Protects neural disorders
- Hepatoprotective – Protects the liver cells
- Anticarcinogenic – Fights against cancer and helps in the prevention too
- Carminative – Relieves flatulence
- Depurative – Has detoxifying and purifying effects
- Diuretic – Increases urination
- Emmenagogue – Controls disorders related to menstrual cycle
- Stimulant – Works as an enhancer for several bodily systems
- Cytophylactic – Helps in the stimulation of new cells
- Tonic – Works as a tonic to nurture the internal system
- Vermifuge – Fights against germs and vermi
Chemical Compounds in Carrot Seed Oil
The major constituents of carrot seed essential oil are carotol (66.78%), trans-α-bergamotene (2.41%), (Z, Z)-α-farnesene (5.86%), daucene (8.74)%, germacrene D (2.34%), β-selinene (2.20%), and copaenol (0.62%).
Compounds like beta pinene, alpha pinene, gamma-terpinene, camphene, limonene, myrcene, sabinene, carotol, geranyl acetate, and beta bisabolene in carrot seed oil are rich in vitamin A & carotene.
Both carotene and vitamin A are important for the eyes and are well-known antioxidants.
Health Benefits Of Carrot Seed Oil
Carrot seed oil helps relieve muscle aches, cures anorexia, and enhances the production of erythrocytes. It is used as an abortifacient and contraceptive for thousands of years.
Though the carrot seed oil benefits are numerous, the most prominent ones include:
1. Rich source of antioxidants
Wild carrot is a rich source of antioxidants. They scavenge free radicals generated inside the body as a waste metabolic product. These free radicals are the root cause of various diseases.
The antioxidants in carrot seeds account for various health benefits. They help protect the skin from wrinkles, hair from whitening, joints from stiffening, muscles from weakening, and eyesight from declining.
Being a rich source of vitamin A, it strengthens the eye muscles and prevents the vision from weakening. Further, they protect from macular degeneration, sexual disorders, improper digestion, and other aging symptoms.
Being an excellent detoxifier, it detoxifies or purifies the blood, tissues, muscles, and internal organs like liver and kidneys.
It helps in neutralizing the excess bile secreted by the liver and cures jaundice. It eliminates toxins such as uric acid from the blood, tissues, muscles, and joints, thereby, curing edema, arthritis, gout, and rheumatism. (10 , 11)
2. Helps cure cancer
Carrot seed oil is a strong anticancerous agent and has been found beneficial in the treatment of various types of cancers like oral cancer, throat cancer, stomach cancer, prostate cancer, and renal cancer.
The anti-carcinogenic properties can be attributed partly to its antioxidant properties. Being an excellent antioxidant, it scavenges the free radicals and breaks the wall of infected cells.
It also prevents the uncontrolled growth of the cells. Tumor formation or tumorigenesis is the initial sign of the appearance of cancer. However, the antioxidants prevent the formation of the tumor and further, cures cancer. (12, 13)
3. Diuretic in nature
Carrot seed oil is a well known diuretic, meaning that it increases urination. It seems that there is no apparent benefit of this property, but it is surprising that proper urination alone can protect many health issues. (14)
When you urinate, the excess fat (almost 4% of the volume), toxic substances such as uric acid & bile, and microbes that cause infections in the urinary system, are excreted from the body.
Furthermore, it reduces blood pressure by removing excess salts from the blood and cleans the kidneys. It is also helpful in cleaning or refining the renal calculi.
4. Expels gas or controls acidity
Wild carrot seed oil or carrot seed oil is one of the best home remedies to treat excess gas formation in the stomach. It removes the gas accumulated and reduces acidity. It helps in expelling the gas from the intestines, nullifying the acidic impact on the stomach and further, strengthening the digestion. (15)
5. Effective growth enhancer
Carrot seed oil is considered as one of the best natural growth enhancers. It regulates the hormones and enzymes. Being a stimulant and rich source of vitamin E, it helps in proper secretion of growth hormone.
This is aminly due to the presence of flavinoids in it, which help in the secretion of Human Growth Hormone (HGH), a hormone responsible for height. Besides this, it is also helpful in proper growth of hair and skin. (16)
6. Eliminates infections from parasitic worms
Carrot seed oil is reported being useful in treating infections caused by the worms, especially helminths. These worms enter into the human system by unwashed hands, vegetables, or other contaminated products. They can cause severe infections in children, and sometimes, the condition may become lethal if left untreated. (17)
7. Strengthens the digestive system
Carrot seed oil helps in strengthening the digestive system naturally. It acts as an effective stimulant and tonic. It stimulates the function of bile juice, ensuring that the formation of excess acid and gas in the stomach is reduced.
Being a rich source of carotene and vitamin A, it regulates proper hormonal and enzymatic secretion. Bile juice is vital for emulsification of undigested fats.
With carrot seed oil, both acid secretion and bile functions are regulated, helping the digestive system to be healthy. (18)
8. Acts as a stimulant
Carrot seed oil works as a potent stimulant. It stimulates both circulation and metabolic function. It helps in the secretion of enzymes, hormones, bile, gastric juices, and intestines’ peristaltic motion.
With all these, it assists in keeping our bodily systems efficient and active. It also stimulates brain functions and nerves, and thus, works as an effective nervine tonic. (19)
9. Great antiseptic
Carrot seed oil is known for its antiseptic properties, including its ability to prevent tetanus. On topical application (diluted with a carrier oil), carrot seed oil cures open wounds and skin infections.
When ingested or taken orally (under the guidance of an aromatherapist or a doctor), it effectively cures infections that occur in the mouth, throat, colon, intestines, urinary system, and stomach.
It is extremely useful in the treatment of carbuncles, gangrene, sores, ulcers, psoriasis, rashes, etc. It effectively works on viral infections that occur in the respiratory tract. It is beneficial in treating bronchitis and other viral infections such as mumps, flu, coughs, measles, and colds.
This is mainly due to the presence of carotene and vitamin A in it.
10. Work against menstrual disorders
Carrot seed oil is an effective emmenagogue or antiblennorrhagic. Being a rich source of vitamin A, carotene, and other antioxidants, it helps in regulating hormonal secretion.
Menstrual disorders are one of the major problems women experience. They are an indication of proper hormonal and enzymatic functions. It helps in regulating the thyroid secretion.
A proper thyroid function is necessary for regulating other hormones like estrogen and progesterone in women. An imbalanced thyroid level has a direct impact on the progesterone levels.
When there is an imbalanced progesterone level, it results in disturbed menstruations. However, the compound carotene in it is found effective in eliminating pain and anxiety that usually occurs during menstruation. (20)
What Blends With Carrot Seed Oil?
Carrot seed oil blends the best with:
- Bergamot oil
- Juniper oil
- Lavender oil
- Lemon seed oil
- Lime oil
- Orange oil
- Avocado oil
- Cedar wood oil
- Geranium oil
How To Use Carrot Seed Oil?
Aromatherapy: Wild carrot seed oil has been used in aromatherapy for its mild, calming, and soothing aroma, which is effective in relieving anxiety and stress. When diffused or applied, it gives an energizing feeling.
Carrot seed oil is primarily used for its aroma. It has a calm earthy odor and is effective for soothing both mind and the body. It also helps relieve tension or stress. But overdose might cause serious problems.
Diffuse a few drops of carrot seed oil with 1-2 drops of bergamot oil using a diffuser. Inhaling its aroma helps relieve stress.
Topical Creams: It is used as an oral drug and often seen as a key ingredient in topical creams. It is mostly used in beauty creams to nourish the skin, remove wrinkles, and other aging effects. Although it has minimum side effects, it should not be used if there are allergic symptoms.
Side Effects Of Carrot Seed Oil
- Carrot seed oil doesn’t have any noticeable side effects. However, it must be avoided in pregnancy.
- Children should also avoid carrot seed oil as they have sensitive skin, which can sometimes cause allergic reactions in their bodies.
- People who have epilepsy and asthma must avoid carrot seed oil, as it is a potent stimulant. It can initiate or trigger severe reactions.
- Improper use of carrot seed oil can cause nausea.
- When overdosed, carrot seed oil may cause convulsions and vomiting.
- It can cause allergies if not diluted.
Daucus carota is reported to contain components such as acetone, asarone, oxalic acid, choline, isobutyric acid, ethanol, HCN, formic acid, limonene, malic acid, maltose, palmitic acid, pyrrolidine, and quinic acid.
Though the amount of toxin is small, it is known to cause a slight intoxication to grazing mammals, like cattle and horses, when taken in diet or taken orally.