10 Coriander Oil Benefits That Will Leave You Astonished

Coriander, also known as Chinese Parsley or Cilantro is categorized as one of the world’s oldest spices and herbs on record. It was also mentioned in the Bible, whose seeds have been found in ruins during 5000 BC. It was used to treat digestive issues, diabetes, and hemorrhoids. You will be fascinated to read that coriander oil benefits aren’t limited to these.

It can do wonders to your body. Coriander is a great source of vitamin A, C, K, iron, potassium, magnesium, and dietary fibers.

So, let’s explore the wonderful health benefits of coriander essential oil, each backed with relevant research papers.

What is Coriander Oil?

what is coriander essential oil

Coriander essential oil is extracted from its seeds or leaves either through the process of steam distillation or hydrodistillation. (1)

The dried coriander seeds yield 0.1% to 0.36% of essential oil via various ways, while the top 3 being:

  • Steam distillation
  • Soxhlet/organic solvent extraction
  • Supercritical fluid extraction

Coriander is one of the earliest known spices. Since the Babylonian times, coriander is popular for its medicinal & culinary uses.

Coriander is an annual herb, the most popular use of which is seasoning. It belongs to the plant family – Apiaceae/Umbelliferae. Owing to its strong aromatic compounds and antioxidants, coriander has been widely used for making soaps, perfumes, medicines, and cooking. (2)

Fact: About ½ liter of coriander mericarps were recovered from Tutankhamen’s tomb. Hence, archeologists Hopf & Zohary interpret from this find that ancient Egyptians cultivated coriander. (3)

Scientific Name of Coriander Oil

The botanical name of coriander is Coriandum sativum L.

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History of Coriander Oil

Coriander has been useful since the beginning of time to till date, and certainly, it will carry itself in the future.

Historians consider coriander as a symbol of eternal love. Thus, you can find it in the tombs of pharaohs as well.

Corainder is a medicinal plant, which is known to have originated from the Middle Eastern and the Mediterranean regions. 

It also has various names like cilantro (based on the regions). In the US, they call the seeds of Coriandum sativum as coriander and the leaves as cilantro.

Coriander resembles fresh parsley. But it is much stronger in smell and flavor than parsley. Coriander grows in any climate and grows the best in dry soil.

India alone produces over 0.3 million tons of coriander every year and is the highest producer, consumer, and the exporter of coriander.

Every part of a coriander plant is useful. It has been used as an effective flavoring agent and medicinal agent in folk medicine.

Fresh coriander leaves are useful in making chutneys (a type of ground food,) salads, and garnishing various dishes.

Fact: Juice made from fresh coriander leaves cures many diseases, especially when added to buttermilk.

When farmers do not harvest fresh coriander plants, they sell their seeds as dried spices. The seeds of coriander are globular and ovate with a mild, sweet, pungent, sage, and slightly citrus flavor.

The seeds of coriander mask certain flavors and are useful for making pickles. While the green, raw seeds are rich in flavor and aroma, you can powder the brown, dried seeds and store them for future use too.

You can also infuse dried coriander seeds to make vinegar.

Coriander oil is a rich source of active components such as vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, antioxidants, enzymes, flavors, peptides, and living cells. Coriander essential oil is also available as encapsulated alginates and chitosan, which help in protecting and delivering the active components.

Color, Consistency, and Smell of Coriander Oil

  • The color of coriander oil is clear to pale yellow.
  • The consistency of coriander oil is medium.
  • The smell of coriander oil is sweet and woody.

 Properties of Coriander Essential Oil

The important properties of coriander oil include:

  • Aromatic – Sweet and strong aroma
  • Flavoring agent – Adds flavor to dishes
  • Antioxidant - Prevents diseases caused by oxidation
  • Antianxiety - Fights anxiety (a state of excessive worry)
  • Analgesic - Relieves pain
  • Hormone-balancing – Balances the hormones and prevents imbalance
  • Antimicrobial - Fights disease-causing microbes
  • Antimutagenic - Prevents deadly diseases such as cancer
  • Antidiabetic – Lowers elevated blood sugar levels
  • Preservative - Preserves food for a longer time
  • Antifungal - Fights fungal infections
  • Antilipidemic - Prevents excess bad cholesterol levels
  • Anti-spasmodic - Prevents muscle spasms
  • Anthelminthic - Fights stomach worms

Chemical Compounds in Coriander Oil

The vital chemicals found in coriander are:

Borneol, camphor, coriandrin, coriandrine, coriandrones a-e, cyclohexanol acetate (cis-2- tert.butyl), dihydrocoriandrine, dihyrocoriandrin, flavonoids, furan, geraniol, geranylacetate, glazonoids, limonene, linalool, linoleic, neochidilide, neryl acetate, phenolic acids, pyrazine, pyridine, sterols, tetrahydrofuran derivatives, thiazole, xmphoe, z-digustilide, α-pinene, βpinene, γ-terpinene, and ρ-lymene.

uses of coriander essential oil

Health Benefits of Coriander Oil

Though coriander oil benefits have been known from ancient times, the most noteworthy ones that have been studied and demonstrated in recent years include:

  • Widely used in cooking
  • Powerful antioxidant
  • Fights against diabetes
  • Excellent food preservative
  • Prevents fungal infections
  • Brilliant flavor enhancer
  • Maintains healthy cholesterol levels
  • Treats athlete's foot
  • Balances your hormones
  • Cures digestive tract disorders

1. Widely used in cooking

Coriander essential oil adds flavor to foods. Thanks to its warm aromatic flavor. (4)

FDA (Food & Drug Administration), Council of Europe, and FEMA (Foreign Exchange Management Act) have also approved the use of coriander essential oil in foods.

You can find this oil in chitosans or alginates, which prevent the nutrient loss while preserving the flavor till the end use.

All parts of the plant, including roots, leaves, and seeds are useful. They differ in tastes though. The light and fresh flavor of the herb is easily apparent.

Coriander is a rich source of nutrition, as they contain:

  • Potassium: 1267 mg/100 g
  • Calcium: 709 mg/100 g
  • Phosphorus: 409 mg/100 g
  • Magnesium: 330 mg /100 g
  • Sodium: 35 mg/100 g
  • Zinc:70 mg/100 g
  • Folate: 200 µg/ 100 g
  • Vitamin C: 21 mg/100 g

Research says that coriander oil is necessary for the growth and right functioning of the brain. (5, 6)

2. Powerful antioxidant

A paper published in the African Journal of Plant Science during the year 2014 states that coriander has strong antioxidant properties. (7)

Antioxidants are substances that fight oxidation. Oxidation is a harmful process that generates free radicals and causes deadly diseases.

However, coriander neutralizes free radicals with the help of antioxidants in them, especially carotenoids. Coriander has 160 µg/100 g of β-carotene (vitamin A), which is necessary for your eyes’ health. (8)

3. Fights against diabetes

Diabetes occurs when your blood sugar levels are above normal. When you eat, your digestive system converts that food to blood glucose. Also, your body secretes a hormone called insulin, which helps you to use your blood sugar.

Sometimes, your body may produce less insulin, or your body may not respond to insulin, and such a condition is termed as diabetes. It can happen due to aging, stress, or due to overweight.

Coriander is a natural anti-diabetic. It prevents elevated blood sugar levels. It is also a popular traditional medicine to treat diabetes. (9)

4. Excellent food preservative

Both coriander essential oil and coriander powder help in preserving food for a longer time. Thanks to their antioxidant, antibacterial, and antifungal properties along with other active enzymes.

Coriander also preserves and protects all kinds of meat at all temperatures. Coriander is most effective against the food-spoilage organism called Campylobacter jejuni. (10)

At a concentration of 0.15, 0.10, and 0.05, coriander prevents primary & secondary oxidation. At a concentration of 0.02%, coriander is as effective as butylated hydroxyanisole, which is a standard antioxidant. (11)

Oxidation of food causes food spoilage. It changes the color, taste, and reduction in nutrients. Antioxidants prevent the same, and plenty of research states that coriander oil is a powerful antioxidant.

Thanks to the presence of terpenoids such as limonene, α-pinene, camphor, and geraniol, which are potent antioxidants.

5. Prevents fungal infections

Coriander has antifungal properties. It fights against disease-causing fungi and prevents fungal infections. Darughe et al. conducted research in 2012, where they studied the antifungal activities of Coriander essential oil.

At a concentration of 0.15%, the antifungal activity of coriander is better than BHA (Butylated Hydroxyanisole), which fights fungi. (12)

6. Brilliant flavor enhancer

Coriander oil enhances the flavor of your foods. Thus, coriander essential oil is useful in seasonings, sodas, and confectionaries. On the other hand, coriander essential oil also increases the flavor of liquors and tobacco. (13)

7. Maintains healthy cholesterol levels

Cholesterol is a kind of fat. There are 2 major types of cholesterol:

  • Good (or HDL: High-Density Lipoproteins)
  • Bad (or LDL: Low-Density Lipoproteins)

The good cholesterol protects your heart by reducing the chances of heart diseases such as high blood pressure and heart attacks.

On the other hand, LDL takes a toll on your heart. Thus, lower the LDL, the better is your heart.

The good news is that MUFAs such as petroselinic acid present in coriander essential oil help in reducing your LDL levels naturally. (14)

Corainder is a wonderful antilipidemic, meaning that it keeps your cholesterol at healthy levels. Thanks to the presence of MUFA (Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acid) & PUFA (Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids) such as linolenic acid and linoleic acid in it. (15)

MUFA & PUFA reduce bad cholesterol in your blood.

8. Treats athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is a condition where there is a fungal infection between the toes. Also, it is more common in athletes or people who wear shoes often.

6% coriander oil in the form of an ointment treats athlete's foot, states a clinical study conducted at Germany's University of Hamburg Medical Center. (16)

9. Balances your hormones

Coriander prevents hormonal imbalance. (17)

A hormone is a chemical substance, which your body produces to aid in several functions. For instance, adrenaline is well-known as a fight or flight hormone, as it helps you to act fast.

Sometimes, there can be an imbalance in hormones such as thyroid, which can lead to other outcomes such as weight gain or fatigue (extreme tiredness). The good news is that coriander helps you to balance your hormones.

10. Cures digestive tract disorders

Coriandum sativum has been used traditionally to treat different digestive issues. It improves your digestion and fights any disease in your digestive tract.

It is helpful in fighting nausea (vomiting sensation), vomiting, indigestion, and stomach worms. Thanks to its antispasmodic properties. Coriander also protects the mucous linings of your stomach. (18, 19, 20)

What Blends with Coriander Oil?

Coriander oil blends the best with:

How To Use Coriander Oil?

how to use coriander oil safely

  • Add a drop of coriander EO to your favorite recipe to boost its flavor.
  • Dilute coriander EO with a suitable carrier oil and massage your legs to soothe them after a workout.
  • You can massage diluted coriander EO at the back of your neck and feet before going to bed for a healthy good night’s sleep.
  • To reduce the oiliness in your skin and to maintain a clear complexion, you can apply diluted coriander essential oil to your face soon after your shower.
  • To improve your skin’s texture, add a drop of coriander oil to your moisturizer and massage gently.
  • You can add 2-3 drops of coriander oil to a glass of warm water and drink after a heavy meal to aid digestion.

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Side Effects of Coriander Oil

  • Talk to your doctor or healthcare practitioner before you start using any essential oil. This applies to coriander as well. It helps you to avoid side effects, which may result if you are suffering from any disease, are on any medication, have an allergy, or are a senior citizen.
  • Use the oil as recommended. Else, it can cause serious issues.
  • Dilute the oil with a carrier oil before applying it on your skin to prevent skin burns.
  • Overusing this oil can make you lose control over your senses. You might feel spellbound. You will lose the ability to think clearly and make decisions.
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