Davana Oil: Benefits, Uses, Properties, and Side Effects
From being an integral part of expensive perfumes to being a home remedy for cold, the davana oil benefits are abundant. It has the potential to heal both physical and psychological problems.
We intend to give you detailed information about the health benefits of Davana essential oil, its properties, and side effects.
What Is Davana Oil?
Davana essential oil is extracted from Artemisia pallens, an annual branched herb, which belongs to the Asteraceae family. The genus Artemisia comprises about 400 species in and around South Africa as well as South America.
However, 34 species of its species are found in India, in which A. pallens is primarily found in the Southern part of the country. Interestingly, India is the sole source of davana oil.
A.Pallens is a small herbaceous plant that grows to knee-height. Small yellow flowers, tiny seeds, silvery-white leaves characterize the plant. The plant is more fragrant during maturity. In India, people use its leaves and flowers in garlands along with other flowers.
The plant is used to treat Diabetes mellitus in the Ayurvedic system. Davana grows exceptionally well in red loamy soils of South India. Although the plant grows annually, the ones that are cultivated during the winter are more preferred for oil extraction.
The oil is obtained from its leaves and flowering tops of the plants through the process of steam distillation. The quality of the oil largely depends upon the harvest season of the plant.
Davana oil is usually extracted when the plant is entirely mature – the phase when it yields tiny flowers. The more persistent and rich aroma of the oil grabs it the position of most useful essential oil around the world (1).
Scientific Name Of Davana Oil
History Of Davana Oil
A.pallens is commonly known as Davana and has been an integral part of Ayurvedic & Siddha Medicinal systems. It was in use in almost every household in Southern parts of India, especially in Karnataka and Tamilnadu.
People used davana in garland for ceremonies. The blossoms of Davana is still used as an offering to Lord Shiva. The plant is highly revered for its spiritual significance. The fruit -like aroma of the plant provides a meditative state and calms the mind.
Despite being a famous herb in India, the industrial utility of davana essential oil began only in the late 20th Century. The oil was initially exported in the late 1970s. It paved its way in the perfume industry much later.
Due to its strong aroma, the oil is used in petite proportions. Davana oil is also used as a flavoring ingredient in cakes, pastries, and expensive beverages.
The most exciting and peculiar aspect of Davana oil is that the aroma differs with each person. When applied on the skin, the smell varies with individual notes. This is one of the most important reasons davana oil possesses a high value as a part of the expensive Perfumes.
Colour, Consistency, and Smell Of Davana oil
- The colour of Davana oil is dark-yellow to amber liquid.
- The consistency of Davana oil is thick.
- The smell of Davana oil is rich, complex, sweet, and fruity with a slightly warm, citrus and herbaceous.
Properties Of Davana Essential Oil
The therapeutic properties of Davana essential oil include (2).
- Antidepressant – Alleviates depression
- Anti-infectious – Prevents infections
- Antimicrobial – Prevents microorganism growth
- Antiseptic – Destroys microbes and prevents their development
- Calmative – Sedative, calming agent
- Decongestive – Reduces congestion
- Emmenagogue – Stimulates and increases menstrual flow
- Mucolytic – Breaks down mucus
- Nervine – Acts on nerves; relieves nervous disorders
- Restorative – Strengthens and revives the body’s systems
- Stomachic – Good for the stomach; gastric tonic, digestive aid
Chemical Compounds In Davana Oil
The davana essential oil is reported to have more than 50 compounds. Davanone, a sesquiterpene ketone is the main component of davana oil. It comprises about 55% of the oil.
Linalool, dehydro-a-linalool, terpinen-4 oil, nordavanone, and devanafurans are other significant compounds present in the oil. These compounds contribute to the aromatic and therapeutic properties of the oil.
Methyl cinnamates, ethyl cinnamate, bicyclogermacrene, davana ether, 2- hydroxyisodavanone, farnesol, geranyl acetate, sequiterpene lactones, and germacranolides are also found in the extracted oil.
Benefits Of Davana Oil
Though davana oil is known to benefit different bodily functions, the most prominent ones are:
1. Improves skin health
When it comes to different skin conditions, davana oil works like a wonder. It helps improve the texture and gives glowing skin.
Skin diseases like psoriasis and dermatitis occur due to metabolic disorders and over-reactive immune system. These conditions cause dryness, cracking, and inflammation on the skin.
It also leads to intense itching sensation and irritability. The affected skin cells are more vulnerable to microbial infections. However, davanone, nerol, and geraniol found in davana oil are responsible for anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-infectious, and antiseptic properties (3, 4).
Also, the sweet and fruity aroma of the oil calms down the mind and prevents you from itching the affected skin. However, it would be best if you were careful in diluting the davana oil. Dilute davana oil by mixing 2-3 drops of it in 2 tablespoons of coconut oil or olive oil and apply it topically.
2. Resolves menstrual problems
Menstruation, at times, can bring about uncomfortable symptoms. Research says that about 14% to 25% women of child-bearing age undergo menstrual problems like irregular periods, abdominal cramps, absence of menstrual periods, infrequent periods, heavy periods, and painful periods.
Being an emmenagogue, davana oil stimulates and increases menstrual flow. Topical application of davana oil on the abdominal area helps in regularizing menses (5).
However, make sure you dilute the oil before using it for massage. Also, the oil relieves spasms, pain, fatigue, and pelvic pain. Pregnant women should not use the oil, as it might stimulate the menstrual cycle.
3. Prevents Infection
Davanone, nerol, linalool, and geraniol present in davana essential oil contributes to its anti-infectious, antimicrobial, and antiseptic properties. Topical application of the oil on the dry, cracked, and inflamed skin prevents the inflammation and protects the skin from further infection (6).
Topical application of the oil also speeds up the process of healing of wounds, cuts, and abrasions.
4. Aids drug addiction withdrawal
Drug addiction is a chronic and compulsive disease. Many children and young people around the world suffer from drug addiction. Intake of drugs creates a reward circuit in the brain, causing euphoria and flooding of a chemical called dopamine.
The brain cells adapt itself to repeated drug use, and this increases the quantity of drug intake. Withdrawal from drug addiction is a painful process both mentally and physically.
It creates depression, anger, irritation, and stress. People also experience multiple physical problems like headaches, dizziness, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, stomach aches, weakness, and much more.
The aroma of davana essential oil helps in the recovery process by strengthening the body, calming the mind, and assists in the physical conditions like insomnia, nausea, stomach aches, and trembling. You can use diluted davana oil for massage or add in the bath.
5. Eases respiratory congestion
Davana oil is an excellent remedy for bronchial congestion. It loosens up tough phlegm deposited in the respiratory tract.
Being a decongestant and mucolytic, the oil when inhaled breaks mucous. This eases up breathing and clears congested coughs. In addition to this, the oil soothes a headache caused by cold.
Dilute davana oil by mixing 2 – 3 drops of davana oil with 2 tablespoons of carrier oil like coconut oil and add it with aloe vera gel. Apply this on the chest area. Use it only once a day just for 3 days.
6. Overcomes general debility
General debility is a state of general weakness. The state of feebleness may be the outcome of one or more medical conditions. It may also cause symptoms like pain, fatigue, deficits in concentration, memory, learning, ability, and weak body muscles. They also cause a lack of stamina and lead to dysfunction in a few cases.
Aromatic compounds found in the oil when absorbed through the skin stimulates the nervous system and acts a tonic (7).
Davana essential oil is an excellent restorative. When used appropriately, the oil strengthens and revives the body’s normal functioning.
7. Cures diabetes
Scientists undertake many studies on finding a proper cure for diabetes. Medicinal herbs are instrumental in treating diabetes. It is a disease in which your blood sugar levels are too high. Some people may also suffer from prediabetes in which the blood sugar level is high, but not high enough to be noted as diabetes.
High blood sugar level can cause serious problems over time. It can damage eyes, kidneys, nerves and lead to heart diseases.
Davana oil has shown significant hypoglycemic activity in mice. The oil when absorbed through the skin aids in curing diabetes and its symptoms by increasing peripheral glucose utilization or by inhibiting glucose reabsorption (8, 9, 10).
8. Eases grumpiness and irritability
With hectic lifestyles, people undergo a lot of pressure both personally and professionally. This causes stress, anxiety, irritability, and tension. Apart from women, men also enter a phase in life when sex hormones begin to decrease.
Men during their late 40s can have a decline in Androgen level. However, unlike women, men do not experience physical symptoms. The physical symptoms might be becoming weak, muscle, and joint pains.
They undergo emotional symptoms like depression, grumpiness, nervousness, or irritability. However, the rich aroma of davana oil calms the mind and to some extent, soothes the symptoms of such conditions in men.
The oil is an immense help during the mid-life crisis. You can either use its perfume or add 2 to 3 drops of its oil in bathing water.
9. Boosts stomach health
Studies have found that davana essential oil possesses stomachic and anthelmintic properties. When applied on the abdomen, the aromatic components are absorbed through the skin cells.
It helps in fighting intestinal worms caused by parasites like roundworms, hookworms, and threadworms. Also, the oil acts as a gastric tonic, stimulates digestion, and promotes gut health (11).
10. Alleviates high blood pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most common health issues today. There is no exact cause of high blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is vital for well-being (12).
Smoking, obesity, alcohol, poor diet, unhealthy lifestyle, sedentary lifestyle, and stress are few of the factors responsible for hypertension. It forces the heart to work harder, leading to cardiac disorders like atherosclerosis, stroke, kidney dysfunction, and heart failure.
A Holistic approach is crucial to treat hypertension. Davana Essential oil help in reducing stress and relax arteries when absorbed through the skin.
What Blends With Davana Oil?
Davana oil blends best with:
- Basil oil
- Cardamom oil
- Clary sage oil oil
- Frankincense oil
- Galbanum oil
- Geranium oil
- Ginger oil
- Grapefruit oil
- Lavender (spike) oil
- Lemon oil
- Lime oil
- Manuka oil
- Mastic oil
- May Chang oil
- Rosemary oil
- Rosewood oil
- Spikenard oil
- Vetiver oil
- Ylang ylang oil
How To Use Davana Oil?
Many aromatic plants are found in use, and there are many essential oils extracted from it. However, the benefits highly depend on the way the oil is used. Studies have shown that davana oil is non-toxic in nature. However, in its concentrated form, it is potent and hence, should be diluted with a carrier oil.
- Topical Application: The oil may be a potential skin irritant in concentrated form. Make sure you mix the Davana oil with carrier oils like coconut oil or almond oil before you use it on the skin. The oil and its aroma differ with each person. It is always better to perform a patch test on your skin before using it. Seek professional help in case you feel allergic to the oil.
- Aromatherapy: Davana essential oil possesses a rich and complex aroma. A decidedly less quantity of the oil gives strong odor. Always use it in the vaporizer or a diffuser to diffuse the oil. In case you feel any congestion or difficulty in breathing when using the oil, stop immediately. It is always better to seek guidance from a professional aromatherapist.
- Ingestion: Studies have found that oral intake of Davana essential oil is non-toxic. It is being used in flavoring industries. However, it is always best to use the oil in lower quantities.
Side Effects Of Davana Oil
- The oil in undiluted form may cause adverse skin reactions. Caution is crucial.
- Using high-quality oil is essential.
- It is best to avoid oil during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- Children under 6 should not be exposed to the concentrated oil.